About the authors

Political Parties and Movements in Central Europe

Hans-Dieter Klingemann is German professor of political science. He has served professionally as Member of the Executive Committee of the European Consortium for Political Research (1988/94), as Council Member of the German Political Science Association (1988/94), as Vice-President of the International Political Science Association (1994/97), and as President of the German Paul Lazarsfeld-Society (1994/99). He has taught at many universities, since 1995 he is a permanent Research Fellow of the Department of Politics and Society of the University of California, Irvine, and is an Alfred-Grosser-Professor at the Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris since 1999. Main publications: Robert E. Goodin and Hans-Dieter Klingemann (eds.). 1996. A New Handbook of Political Science. Hans-Dieter Klingemann and Dieter Fuchs (eds.). 1995. Citizens and the State. Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Richard I. Hofferbert, and Ian Budge. 1994. Parties, Policies, and Democracy.

Richard I. Hofferbert: Ph.D. in poltical science, distinguished emeritus professor at the State University of New York at Binghampton, Political Science Faculty (1975-1999). After completing his Ph.D. at Indiana University in 1962, he was on the faculties of Williams College, Cornell University, and the University of Michigan. Since 1990 recurring visiting professor at the Social Science Research Center of Berlin, Research Unit on Institutions and Social Change, research areas: comparative policy analysis and political party performance in established and transitional democracies.

Wolfgang Merkel is director of the department “Democracy and Democratization” at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin. Teaching at the Universities Bielefeld, Mainz, Heidelberg, Harvard, Madrid. His topics of research are political parties, European social democracy, European Integration, democratization, transition to democracy, civil society, welfare state. He wrote more than 100 articles. Recent books are: Final de la socialdemocracia? Recursos de poder y política de gobierno de los partidos socialdemócratas en Europa occidental, Valencia, Edicions Alfons el Magnànim, 1995, pp. 383. Systemtransformation. Eine Einführung in die Theorie und Empirie der Transformationsforschung, Opladen 1999, S. 572. ed.: Systemwechsel (Transformation of Political Systems), 5 Volumes, Opladen (1994-2000). Defekte Demokratien (Defective Democracies in Eastern Europe, East Asia and Latin America,), 2 Volumes, Opladen 2003 (forthcoming, joint publication with H.J. Puhle et al.) Demokratie in Asien, Bonn 2003. wolfgang.merkel@urz.uni-heidelberg.de

Michal Klíma is Professor of Political Science at the University of Economics in Prague. He is Jean Monnet Lecturer at the Department of Political Science. He is an expert in the subjects of party and electoral systems and of European integration. His most recent books are Elections and Political Parties in Modern Democracies (1998); Several Aspects of the Pre-accession Strategy of the Czech Republic, co-author, (1999); Quality of Democracy in the Czech Republic and Electoral Engineering (2001).klima@vse.cz

Aurel Croissant: Assistant professor at the Institute of Political Science, Ruprecht-Karsl University of Heidelberg. Research fields include studies in comparative government, democratization, and civil society in Pacific Asia, aqnd democratic theory. Latest Publications: Delegative Democracy and Presidentialism in South Corea and the Philippines (Welt Trends No. 28, 2001), Political Transformation in Soutrh Korea (1985-1997), Hamburg: Institute of Asean Affairs and various articles in academic journals. Contact: aurel.croissant@urz.uni-heidelberg.de

Rafael Durán: associate professor of political science at the University of Malaga and doctor member of Juan March Institute in Madrid. He was a research Fellow at the Kellog Institute, University of Notre Dame, in 1999-2000. His most recent publications include “State Dynamism and Multi-dimensionality: Social Protest during Regime Change” (Estudio/WP Juan March Institute), Romanian State-Society Relation: Democratization in Southern and Eastern Europe (Kellogg Institute WP 277/ 2000.), and Modernization and Transregression: Social Mobilizations and the State during the Spanish and Portuguese Transitions (Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales – Madrid). Email: rduran@uma.es

Tamás Fricz: PhD., candidate in Political Science.1988-90 research fellow at the Hungarian Public Opinion Research Institute. Since 1990 he is senior research fellow at the Institute for Political Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS). Managing editor of the Hungarian Political Science Review, secretary of the Political Science Committee of the HAS, member of the Presidential Board of the Hungarian Political Science Association. His main monographic books include: State, Intermediation, Civil Society (1990), Development of Bourgeois Habits, Civil Society and Democracy (1992), The Hungarian Party System 1987-1995 (1996), During Transition in Hungary (1996), The People-Urban Dispute Yesterday and Today (1997), A Country without Consequences (1998), Party Systems (2001) friczt@mtapti.hu

János Simon: is a political scientist, senior research fellow, head of research group at the Institute for Political Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, lecturer at the University of ELTE in Budapest, and editor of the quarterly Central European Political Science Review. He is the author and co-author of several books and articles, among them: Dilemmas of the Regime Change (co-editor 1989), The Silenced Majority in Hungary (with L. Bruszt 1990), Transition to Democracy in Spain (1996), The Postcommunist Citizen (eds. with S. Barnes 1998, in English), Democracies and Parties (2000), Political Dilemmas of the New Millenium (eds. Vol.1-2, 2001), Colours of Political Culture (2003) jsimon@mtapti.hu

Máté Szabó is a professor of political science of the University Eötvös Loránd of Budapest, Faculty of State and Law, Institute of the Political Science. He was a fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Hamburg, Berlin , Mainz and Frankfurt an der Oder universities in Germany, and was a visiting fellow of the NIAS, Wassenaar, and of the European University Institute , Florence, Italy. He is specialized in civil society, social movements and political protest. Main publications in English include: The Challenge of Europeanization in the Region: East Central Europe. (ed.) HPSA. Budapest.1996. (with W. Merkel, C. Eicher, M. Krück) „Economic and Political Transformation in Poland and Hungary”, in: Shaping Change-Strategies of Transformation. (2001. 63-96), „Political Science in Hungary” in The State of Political Science in Central and Eastern Europe. (2002. 129-157.), „Policing Towards Movement and Countermovement Mobilization” in: Central European Political Science Review Vol.1. No. 2. 2000/2. 143-174.

Ivan Bernik: Professor of sociology at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. Researching post-socialist societies, especially political culture, acceptance of democracy and changes in social stratification.

Nico Tos: Professor of sociology and the methodology of social science research at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. He is a Head of the Slovenian Public Opinion Research Project and collaborator in the international research of values (ISSP, VWP). Publishes of various topics related to public opinion research.

Samo Uhan: Assistant Professor of social science methodology at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. He is a collaborator at the Slovenian Public Opinion Research Project and has published on the methodology of social science and on value change in post-socialist societies.
Ioan Marginean: Romanaian sociologist, BA in Sociology, 1970., PhD in Sociology, 1979, Professor of Sociology at the Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, University of Bucharest. Deputy Director oof the Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy. He published different articies and books about public opinion and citizen’s political behaviour in Romanian..

Adrian J. Simon: political scientist in Romania. He finished his MA at the University of Oradea and he is writing Ph.D at the Babes Bolyai University of Cluj. His research topic is the Romanian party system in a comparative perspective. He has got a fellowship from the “21th Century Institute” in Budapest.

Michal Klíma: Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Economics in Prague. He is Jean Monnet Lecturer at the Department of Political Science. He is an expert in the subjects of party and electoral systems and European integration. M. Klíma has so far written numerous articles which were published in scientific journals as well as daily newspapers. He is currently engaged in research projects dealing with the impact of the electoral reform on the Czech political system and the influence of the European Union’s institutional reform on the eastward enlargement. His most recent books are Elections and Political Parties in Modern Democracies (1998); Amsterdam Treaty and Transformation of the European Union, coauthor, (1998); Several Aspects of the Pre-Accession Strategy of the Czech Republic, co-author, (1999).

Miroslav Kusy: Ph.D. Born in Bratislava (1931), MA of philosophy, working at Comenius University in Bratislava from 1957, professor of philosophy from 1967. After Prague Spring expelled from 1957, professor of philosophy from 1967. After Prague Spring expelled from University, returning there in 1990 as the first free elected rector (1990-1991). In 1991 founden department of Political Science, lecturing there Theory and History of Hman Rights and Minority Issue. Founding (1993) and leading the UNESCO-Chair for Human Rights Education at the Comesius University. Main publications: On the Waves of the Radio Free Europe (1990), Forbidden Papers (1990), Essays (1990), Szlovak vagyok, Szlovak leszek (in Hungarian 1992), What to do with our Magyars? (1996)

Andrej Findor: Junior Fellow at the European Studies Programme, Academia Istropolitana Nova, Svaty Jur, Slovakia. His fields of interest include national, national identity, political and social theory.
Anikó Molnár: MA., University of ELTE, Budapest, assistant to the editor of the Central European Political Science Review.

Edeltraud Roller: is senior research fellow at the Wissenschaftzentrum für Sozialforschung, Berlin, His fields of interest include: the citizen’s political behavior, social attitude, ideological basis of market economy and about the social policy.

Attila Ágh was born in Budapest, in 1941. He became a full professor in 1978. He was invited as a visiting professor to many universities and spent longer periods in Moscow, Das es Lalaam, New Delhi, Los Angeles (State University of California at Long Beach) and Vienna. In the 1980s he was the Director of the Hungarina Institute for International Relations. From 1990 own wards he has been the Head of Political Science Department at the Budapest University of Economics and the Director of the Hungarian Centre for Democratic Studies. Professor Ágh’s major research interest is comparative politics and linkage politics and he summarized the results of this comparative research in two recent books, The Politics of Central Europe (Sage, 1998) and Emerging Democracies in East Central Europe and the Balkans (Edward Elgar, 1998). attila.agh@polit.bke.hu

Carlos Flores Juberías: professor of Constitutional Law at the University of Valencia, and Editor-in-chief of the Quarterly “Cuadernos Constitucionales”. He is a member of the executive committee of the ISPA Comparative Representation and Electoral Systems Research Committee and the editorial board of the Ohio State University Pross “ Parliaments and Legislatures” series. He has edited “Las nuevas instituciones políticas de la Europa Oriental” (Madrid/Valencia, 1997), “Derechos Y libertades en las nuevas democracies de la Europea del Este” (Pamplona, 1998/9), nad “Actas del I Encuentro Espanol de Estudios sobre la Europa Oriental” ( Valencia, 1999)

Zoltán Pogátsa: co-editor of the Hungarian review: Európai Uas ( European Traveller) edited in Budapest.

Jody Jensen is a research fellow at the Institute of Political Science of The Hungarian Academy f Sciences. She is the Director of International Relations for the Institute for Social and European Studies and an assistant professor at Daniel Berzsenyi College in Szombathely. Author and co-author of several books: East Central Europe: Paradox and Perspective, Savaria University Press, Szombathely 1995 (with Ferenc Miszlivetz).jjense5@attglobal.net

Nikolaj Czesnik: researcher at the institute of Political Studies of Polich Academy of Science, Warsawa.