About the authors

The memory of the past in Central Europe

Anton Alex Bebler is a Slovenian political scientist. He studied various subjects in Slovenia, Serbia, Russia, USA, UK, France and earned his Ph.D. in Political Science at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA in 1971. Since 1972 he has taught at University of Ljubljana, Slovenia and became a full Professor of Political Science and of Defense Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. He is author of several books and over 300 scholarly articles on international relations, international security, comparative political systems, European integration, European, African and other regional studies, federalism, etc. Since 1992 until September 1997 served as Ambassador and Permanent Representative at the UN Office in Geneva. Since February 1998 he has been President of the Atlantic Council of Slovenia (later renamed into the Euro-Atlantic Council of Slovenia), in 1999-2002 served as President, Slovenian Emigrants’ Association and in 1999 – 2002 as Vice-Chairman of the Atlantic Treaty Association. Since 2006 he is a Member, Executive Committee, International Political Science Association (IPSA)

Vladimir Bukovsky is a Russian neurophysiologist, political writer, political dissident, neurophysiologist, and political activist. He spent a total of 12 years in Soviet prisons, labor camps and forced-treatment psychiatric hospitals used by the government as special prisons. Together with a fellow inmate psychiatrist S. Gluzman, he coauthored A “Manual on Psychiatry for Dissidents” in order to help other dissidents to fight abuses of the authorities. In 1976, while imprisoned, he was exchanged for former Chilean Communist leader L. Corvalán. In his autobiographical book To Build a Castle, he describes how he was brought to Switzerland handcuffed. Since 1976 he has lived in Cambridge, England, focusing on neurophysiology and writing. He received a Masters Degree in Biology and has written several books and political essays.  He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Gratitude Fund, and of the International Council of the New York-based Human Rights Foundation. In the United Kingdom, he is Vice-President of The Freedom Association and a patron of the UK Independence Party (UKIP). His most important publications are To Choose Freedom Ed. Hoover Inst., Stanford Uni. 1987; L’Union européenne, une nouvelle URSS? Ed. Le Rocher, Publ.: 2005; and (with P. Stroilov): L’Union européenne, une nouvelle URSS? Librairie Catholique, 2005.

Charles Fenyvesi was born in Hungary and immigrated to the United States after the Hungarian revolution of 1956. He received his A.B. from Harvard University in 1960 and an M.A. from Madras University, India, in 1962. He was writer based in Comus, Maryland. He was a senior writer with Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty from 1998 to 2000 and garden columnist with the Washington Post between 1982 and 2000. His previous affiliations include senior writer, U.S. News & World Report; editor, the Washington Jewish Week; staff writer, the Washington Post; editor, The National Jewish Monthly; and associate editor, Near East Report. He has freelanced scores of opinion pieces, political analyses, personality profiles and reports in the Washington Post, the New Republic, the Los Angeles Times, and the New York Times. He is the author of fourth books: Splendor in Exile, When the World Was Whole, and Trees for Shade and Shelter, for Memory and Magic and Angels in Hell (2000) by Syracuse University Press.

Nicolai Churilov is an Ukrainian sociologist, director of. SOCIS-Gallup in Kiev, Ukraine. He published chapters and books, and chapters with E. Golovakha, and N. Panina: „Russians in Ukraine.„ The New Russian Diaspora: Russian Minorities in the Former Soviet Republics. Eds. Vladimir Shlapentokh, Munir Sendich and Emil Payin. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. 59- 71. 1994.; Die Katastrophe von Tschernobyl, Weltgesellschaft und die Wirkung auf die Ukraine. Coleman, Oxford 1996; „The Ukrainian Political Elite Its Features and Evolution” in The New Elite in Postcommunist Eastern Europe. Eds. V. Shlapentokh, Ch.Vanderpool and B. Z. Doktorov 1999. social@sovamsu.solusa

Csaba Varga is a Hungarian jurisprudent, scientific adviser at the Institute for Legal Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and professor at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University of Hungary, founding director of its Institute for Legal Philosophy, accredited as a “Place of Excellence” since 2006. In addition to transition to rule of law which became one of his standing research topics when he served as a member of the Advisory Board to the Prime Minister of Hungary after the first free election (between 1991–1994), his interest has ranged from legal philosophy & methodology via patterns of judicial thought to comparative legal cultures. In addition to his twelve authored and nineteen edited books in English or German, his relevant publications do include Coming to Terms with the Past under the Rule of Law (Budapest 1994, “Windsor Klub” series) and Transition to Rule of Law (Budapest 1995, „Philosophiae Iuris” series), as well as Transition? to Rule of Law? Constitutionalism and Transition Justice Challenged in Central & Eastern Europe. (Budapest 2008, “PoLíSz könyvek” series).varga@jak.ppke.hu

Vladimir Olegovich Rukavisnyikov is a Russian political scientist. He is Professor at the Faculty of Global Politics and Global Economics of the State University-Higher School of Economics in Moscow, Russia since 2003. Prior to 2003 he worked in the Institute of Socio-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences where he also occupied a Deputy Director position in early 1990s.  Since the late 1980s his researches were focused on Russian politics and public opinion trends; Russian and western foreign policies, global competitiveness and political culture transformations, international security, and related topics. He has published more than two hundred articles, and has authored over a dozen of books in many countries. His most recent monograph has the title Cholodnaya Voina, Cholodnyi Mir. (Cold War, Cold Peace: the US and European public opinion on the USSR/Russia, security and foreign policy), Moscow, 2005.rukavish@hotmail.com

Barnabás Kiss is a Hungarian associate professor specialized in constitutional law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Szeged. So far he has published more than 50 of his works including studies, books and textbooks for students. His early works are concerned with the development of European constitutions; in his latter works he is engaged in human rights, especially in the questions of equality and prohibition of discrimination. His PhD thesis, „Equality of Rights – Right to Equality” was also published in 2006. barnus@juris.u-szeged.hu

The Budapest Analyses was launched in 2002 with the collaboration of policy analysts, economists and social scientists, dedicated to sharing, protecting and disseminating a common value system. His value aims to protect the pillars of human- and minority rights, political pluralism, the democratic constitutional state and the protection of national heritages – into the European system of cooperation. He continues to consider interpreting and evaluating events affecting Central Europe in accordance with our value system. While he published one analysis fortnightly on average, from now on this frequency will increase significantly – hopefully, to the liking of our readership. The previous newsletters can be accessed in the Analyses Archive. Prof. Ivan Bába is the editor-in-chief. www.budapestanalyses.hu