About the authors

Real-existing democracy, Constitution and Law

Philippe C. Schmitter is an American professor of political science. He took his doctorate at the University of California at Berkeley. He has been professor at the University of Chicago, then at the European University Institute (1982-86) and at Stanford (1986-96). He has published books and articles on comparative politics, on regional integration in Western Europe and Latin America, on the transition from authoritarian rule in Southern Europe and Latin America, and on the intermediation of class, sectoral and professional interests. His current work is on the political characteristics of the emerging Euro-polity, on the consolidation of democracy in Southern and Eastern countries, and on the possibility of post-liberal democracy in Western Europe and North America. He was Professor of Political Science at the European University Institute in Florence, Department of Political and Social Sciences until September 2004. He was then nominated Professorial Fellow at the same Institution. He is now Emeritus of the Department of Political and Social Sciences at the European Univeristy Institute of Florence. His latest books are: The Resurgence of the Left in Latin America, co-edited with Steven Levitsky, Johns Hopkins, Uni.Press 2011; Changing Course: Party Systems in Latin America’s Neoliberal Era ,forthcoming, Cambridge Uni.Press. 2010.; The Diffusion of Social Movements, (co-edited with R. Given and S. Soule, Cambridge Uni. Press, 2010.; Green Paper on the Future of Democracy in Europe for the Council of Europe – with A.H. Trechsel et all. Email philippe.schmitter@eui.eu

Csaba Varga is a Hungarian jurisprudent, scientific adviser at the Institute for Legal Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and professor at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University of Hungary, founding director of its Institute for Legal Philosophy. In addition to transition to rule of law (with the juristic nature of the ancien régime, facing the crimes of the Socialist past, as well as civil obedience/disobedience included), having become a standing research topic by the time of his serving, as a member of the Advisory Board, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Hungary between 1991–1994, his overall interest has ever ranged from legal philosophy & methodology via patterns of judicial thought to comparative legal cultures. In addition to his fourteen authored and nineteen edited books in English/German eleven of which are made available on , his relevant publications do include Coming to Terms with the Past under the Rule of Law (Budapest 1994, “Windsor Klub” series), Transition to Rule of Law (Budapest 1995, „Philosophiae Iuris” series) and Transition? To Rule of Law? Constitutionalism and Transitional Justice Challenged in Central & Eastern Europe (Budapest 2008, “PoLíSz könyvek” series). varga@jak.ppke.hu

Zoltan Lomnici Jr. is a hungarian jurisprudent, doctor member of the World Council of Hungarian Academics & University Professor and scholarship holder International Tobacco and Health Research and Capacity Building Program, Fogarty International Center (USA-NIH). He has made his legal studies in Budapest / Pázmány Péter Catholic University of Hungary/, Salzburg /Paris-Londron University/ and Vienna /Universität Wien/, and his administrative studies at Université Paris Sorbonne – Paris IV. He has published books and articles on constitutional law, civil law, and medical law, he is editor in chief of two legal reviews. He is leader of a legal aid project for psychiatric patients. /EEA Financial Mechanism & Norwegian Financial Mechanism/ Presently he is lecturer of the Department of Constitutional Law and the Administrative Law at the Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences. Email: lomnici@ajk.elte.hu

József Szájer is a Hungarian lawyer and politician, Chairman of the Hungarian EPP Group in Brussels. He finished his studies at the Eötvös Loránd University, Political Science and Law Department. He was reading for Philosophy of Law at the Uni. of Oxford, Balliol College (1986-1987), and Research Fellow at the Uni. of Michigan, Faculty of Law, (1988-89). Assistant lecturer and Professor’s assistant, Roman Law Department, Eötvös Loránd Uni. of Budapest, and lawyer (1996-2000). He was Founding member of Fidesz Party, Member of the Hungarian Parliament since 1990 for the constituency of city Sopron, Chairman of the National Council of Fidesz, and member of numerous Parliamentary Commissions (Committee on Constitution and Justice Affairs, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Committee on Constitution preparatory, Standing Orders Committee). He was member of European Convention (2002-2003), Vice-Chairman of EPP Group (since 2004), member of Committee on Constitutional Affairs and Delegation for relations with the United States, member on Legal Affairs Committee, and member of Delegation to the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly (Substitute). He is President of the Hungarian Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats – PPE). In Hungary since 2010 he is leader of the Board of National Consultation and President of the Constitutional Committee.  jozsef.szajer@parlament.hu

Gergely Gulyás is a Hungarian lawyer and politician. He finished his studies at the University of Pázmány Péter, Political Science and Law Department. Since 2005 to 2010 he was assistant lecturer at the Department of Constitutional Law of the Reformat University of Gáspár Károlyi. He published articles on the public life and constitutional law in the newspaper of Magyar Nemzet, Magyar Hírlap and in law reviews. Since 2010 he is elected Member of the Hungarian Parliament, and Member of the Human Rights Parliamentary Commission, since 2011 vice-president of the National Security and Defense Commission. Since 2010 he is Member of the Board of Preparation of Constitution Committee, delegated by the FIDESZ–Civic Party.  gergely.gulyas@avocat.hu

Lia Maria Pop is Romanian professor of political science within the state University of Oradea. She is currently the Dean of the Faculty of Political Sciences and Media in the mentioned university. She is also the Director of the Research Center for Identity and Migration Issues (http://www.e-migration.ro/ ) and of the scientific publication: Journal of Identity and Migration. She graduated in Philosophy in the University of Cluj Napoca, in 1977 and she get her doctoral degree at the same University, in 1988. She is specialized in political institutions – national and European ones – and in some specific policies. Among these the policies dedicated to the identity respect of people and received and receiving the community in the age of migrations; the policies of respecting minorities’ identity and rights and the free movement of people in EU should be mention. She authored seven books as single authors and an another one as co-author. Among them it is to be quoted: 2010 – Personalităţi Politice. O teorie ilustrată, (Polititical Personalities. An illustrated theory) 450 pages, Oradea, Printing House Editura Universităţii; 2007 – Pentru Parlamentul European, (A vote for European Parliament), 288 pages, Oradea, Printing House Editura Universitaţii, 2007; 2004 – Comunicare si discurs politic, Volume I & II, (Communication and Political Discourse), 540 pages, Oradea, Printing House Editura Universităţii.popmarialia@yahoo.com

Arvydas Guogis is a Lithuanian political scientist and sociologist. He is a senior research staff member of Lithuanian Social Research Centre, currently – the team member of  the project SIN – 16/2010 ”The Transformation of Welfare State in  Lithuania:  the Origin, Specific Features and Main Causal Forces Behind Its  Development”. His scientific interests are related to social security, social policy and globalization, social administration and public administration research methodology. Arvydas Guogis is the author of 5 monographs in Lithuania. Among his publications are the articles published in ¨International Review on Public and Non-profit Marketing¨ (2008, 2010 – by Springer Publishing House), monograph (with co-authors) on social policy in Eastern Europe by Nova Science Publishers House (New York, 2009), articles in USA, Denmark, Norway, Finland, Greece, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegowina, Romania, Latvia and Lithuania (1998-2010). E-mail:arvydasg@mruni.eu

Daniel Hamilton is an American political scientist, Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation Professor, Director, Center for Transatlantic Relations, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University of Washington.dhamilton@jhu.edu