THE CULTURAL DYNAMICS OF DEMOCRACIES
Szabó Máté: Harmony and Dis-Harmony of the Ombudsman and the Constitutional Court After the Fundamental Law
The author of this essay has been the general commissioner, ombudsman of Hungary 2007-2011, than the first new type of ombudsman, the Commissioner of Fundamental Rights of Hungary 2012-13. The aim of this study is after two years of termination of my ombudsman mandate and acting again as an independent social scientist, to contribute to the debate, whether the new ruling of Fundamental Law (Alaptörvény) from 2011 was justified, and if it was a progression or regression within constitutional development, from the point of view of our subject, ombudsman and Constitutional Court.
Arvydas Guogis and Adomas Vincas Rakšnys: Globalization as a Challenge to New Public Governance
1.It is necessary to evaluate the after-effects of globalization phenomena from the national point of view; 2.Globalization often occurs in a spontaneous way, it is not allowed to forecast and strategically plan in a more precise way; 3.Since supranational institutions, international corporations, which are oriented towards meeting their economic pretences, rather than a sensitive policy, reducing inequality and ensuring public welfare, are gaining more power. 4.We have a situation where no one is fully responsible for anything. This is especially well revealed in the context of the European Union, where one is aiming at solving the problems of refugees seeking asylum. 5.Neoliberal globalization conditions not only the changes of the economic system; 6.Globalization has a negative influence on the ecological aspects; where the global activities of corporations is becoming oriented towards the redistribution of resources and maximization of profit only, and other factors that are opposite to New Public Governance; 7.New Public Governance, opposite to the New Public Management, emphasizes not only economic, but also social and humanitarian aspects of governance, should be formulated and formed as a counteraction.