Abstracts

POST-GLOBALIZATION AND CENTRAL EUROPE

László Bogár: From the „Globaloma” to the „Immunoreaction”. Notes on Globalization in the Dead End of History
We can clearly state, that the Western modernity ruling the world, and the self-existence denying superstructure granting its foundation is self-consuming and self-destructing. As a spreading cancer – as a „globaloma” – it drains the resources of the world, and empties the end products of its metabolism (as an ecological contamination, or as a „cultural stain” of the commercial media) on the world, and with it, by destroying the world in the end it in fact commits suicide. There is not one actor in the world today who is able reverse all this back, therefore the end of the world would become avoidable only by a today yet unknown „immunoreaction”.

János Simon: Nations of Central Europe in the „Post-globalized” World. Some Theoretical Notes and the Public Opinions
The Hungarian people’s current fear from the migration crisis has historical roots, the negative experience of the last 100 years. In the Era of Post-globalization Europe, and so in Hungary the historical frames of the state sovereignty therefore seem to crumble at the beginning of the 21th century (migration, taxes, tolls, international laws, technological changes), and new forces appear to control and influence the current power. This is why it is important to know if the renaissance of the civil society, the strengthening of its national identity and nation preserving power is happening, or instead it is weakening and decomposing.

Károly Lóránt: Economical Prerequisites for Integration in Europe
This study addresses the prerequisites for political integration, like identity questions (common language, common history and values) and the position to the outside world (foreign policy and economic issues) and concludes that the kind of integration what is forced by the liberal European elite is not possible. Instead we have to take into consideration what the earlier studies, first of all the MacDougall report (1977), suggested and try to find feasible solutions which are in line with the preconditions. This study shows up the different suggestions for the EU integration and which should not leave out the specialities of the individual countries (values, history, identity, foreign relations, and economic circumstances).

Zsolt Becsey: Will we Catch up to Europe? 25 Years of Central Europe in Europe
Hungary has shared the fate of the region in a lot of regards in the catch-up efforts of the past two and a half decades. We know that its effort to remain on its feet has had a great human price, since for the recovery of the external budget it supported the inflow and domestic survival of such working capital, which was aimed at keeping the real wages and the needs of the available labour force at a lower level. That is because of this in the past times it did not allow one of the reasons of the former external competitiveness problem, the exchange rate increasing policy neither.

Marcos Francisco Masso Garrote: Electoral Participation of Inmigrants in Europe. Political and Constitutional Aspects of the Electoral Participation of Foreigners in the National State
This work is going to analyze the position of foreign and political rights, legal and constitutional arguments, the concept of citizenship and the argument of comparative law and international treaties. It is important to borne in mind the existences of political and legal reason for exclusion of foreigners in electoral participation. One of them is consider foreigners as a potential State threat or that foreign unaware national aspirations. The foundation of the sovereign will is the citizen-voter thesis because according to German doctrine Sovereignty belongs to the people and not the population. The concept of nation and citizenship have been transformed thus the integrating effect of the right of political participation. To end it is considered the opposition between local and national elections according to political or administrative nature of itself.

Arvydas Guogis, Gediminas Kazėnas, Adomas Vincas Rakšnys: The Problem of Implementation of Genuine Democracy in Lithuania
The objective of the article is to analyse the development of democracy in Lithuania and to show the weaknesses of democracy. The turn of the 21st century marked the rise of formal democracy in Lithuania. As it seems, not only specific but also more typical forms of democracy are not sufficiently functional in Lithuania. However, the greatest threat is posed by the absence of the content of genuine democracy, which is filled with imitating forms of governance, which disregard the will of most of the residents. Lack of empathy for the weaker ones and increasing social inequality are the residual phenomena of such ‘non-democratic’ development.

István Stumpf: Governance and Public Policy in Hungary. The First Year of the Gyurcsány Government
The paper’s aim is to analyse the controversial picture which was showed by the social-liberal government. The assumption of this essay: challenges caused by the global economic crisis jointly to these structural, political changes transformed the construction, the nature, and the operation of the executive branch. During the last decades in the separation of powers’ system the state had been rediscovered and governmental power had been appreciated. The presentation takes into consideration the transformation of the separation of powers’ system and the role of the Prime Minister within the executive branch and its affect to the Hungarian administrative system.

Lia Pop: Conjectural Political Crisis in Romania – 2015
In October, 30, 2015, in Bucharest a terrible fire broke out in a private Rock Club. More than 60 victims died. Behind the direct responsibility of the owners and the Club’s personnel, the political responsibility was quite immediately invoked. The open doors to addresses the political structural causes of the accident – the largely spread corruption and abuse in the Romania’s political life – closed when the streets uprisings seemed out of control. It underlined the Romanian President’s role and the support of the Prime minister resignation in cutting the crisis’ force of sending the country into a political chaos.

Máté Szabó: Transition to Democracy, its Hybridization and its Aftermath? Protest and movement mobilization against the Orbán-Regime in Hungary 2010-2015
This paper tries to draw the fault lines of the civil society that emerged after 1989/1990 and their transformations after 2010 elections. Furthermore it intends to show, to what extent   the changes of political framework of the ”Orbán regime” (2010-16) caused the mobilization of social movements and protests and remade the opportunities for mobilization of the civil society. He focus on the new protest movements of 2010-16 period, facing the tendencies of hybridization of Hungarian democracy.

Miklós Kozma: Continuous Infiltration of Western Management Theories. The impact of Western management theories on Hungarian academic thinking and business practice (1956-1982)
The paper focusing on how Western management theories were reflected in the academic thinking and business practice of Hungary in the period 1956-1982. This period is widely condemned as “the lost decades” for the development of the market economy. Corporate managers of this period are understood to have been driven more by political directives than business considerations; hence their contribution to the country’s management history is not fully acknowledged. Investigation concludes that these generalisations are one sided, and aim to provide more clarity on how theorists and practitioners worked at the time.