Abstract

The Geo-PoloticsAnd Wellfare

Norbert Csizmadia: Geo-moment – The Rediscovery of the World – The Maps of Rediscovery of 21 Century
We live in a unique geo-moment, in the first decade of the 21st century geo-economic era where geography is appreciated again. The location of the countries is key in taking over the economic power centers. It is a knowledge creativity era and education is the most important investment. The explorers rely on their inner compass in an age where information is the raw material, the currency of the knowledge and individual ideas and creativity. This is also the age of networks as well. 21st century map of the new breed of compasses used to discover and adjust to it!

Hervainé Szabó Gyöngyvér: Matching European Dream with Discomfort of the Transition: – Central European Realisation of Welfare Society

In Central Europe the transition contrast to this public opinion, by the neoconservative course of the political elite went by another model, neoliberal political model of dismantling the former communist welfare state. If we compare the happiness and democracy indicators in different countries, we can state, that the democracy alone cannot bring well-being, and it needs to improve the quality of life of citizens, too. Among well-being indicators, the highest one is the security, and its loss because of mass immigration, can degrade the value of democracy at all.

Lia Pop: Anti-Party Sentiments in Romania – Conjectural Political Crisis in 2015-2016
The tragic events in Romania, November 2015 generated a large emotional unity among the citizens and large mobilizations against the political class of the country. The expanding of the marches against the political responsible pushed the establishment close to a political structural crisis. Such a crisis need constitutional reforms and time in order to be peacefully solved. The question is when the public will claim the legitimated benefices in a democracy: persons’ security, persons’ welfare and the incumbents’ accountability.

Arvydas Gougis: Social Dialogue in Lithuania: Achievements and drawbacks in the way out of the crisis
In autumn 2014 Lithuanian experts completed the new preparation and legal-administrative model of industrial relations and state social insurance, which was commissioned by the MSSL, one of the four parts of which was dedicated to the new Labour Code. The new social model was for several months in the stage of consideration both by the society and social partners in the Tripartite Council. The new social model, whose “flexicurity” features were much more influenced by the aspects of flexibility rather than employees’ security.

Tibor Szabó: Social Security or Human Right? – The Migration and the Italian Mass Média
The year 2015 meant a definite turning point in the European history. The whole social, political and cultural heritage will fundamentally change in consequence of the mass migration and the new phenomenon of terrorism. The characteristic of Europe’s future will be the instability. In 2016, the challenges become more serious with the illegal mass migration issue. Migration give great security challenges for many EU countries, like danger for the sovereignty of the states and the measure of criminal. The fundamental question today is: security or human rights.

György Csepeli and Antal Örkény: The Making of a Minority: Competing claims of definitions of being Roma in contemporary Hungarian society
Tracks the path of search for identity of the Hungarian Roma minority in the twentieth century. In the first part of the paper we investigate aspects of social history of the minority In the aftermath the Roma people were subject of radical change from the point of view of social integration and identity politics. Investigates the ethnic breaking-points which open the path for successful identity building creating the necessary condition for emancipation. Argues that the state should demonstrate zero tolerance if citizens’ equality and human rights are at stakes.

Csaba Varga: Ideal or Idol? Traps in Understanding the Rule of Law
The understanding of what the Rule of Law is has all through been in focus of constitutional debates ending in the adoption of the Basic Law of Hungary. The Rule of Law is striving with no perfected arriving in, law cannot be more than an aggregate of values to be defended equally, albeit in situations when decision is needed those values may conflict one another in a manner crying for a compromise solution at the most. Or, globalising judgeocracy today monopolises the continuity of mutual learning process while isolating it from its natural contexture.

Nuno Morgano: Federation vs Balkanization in Central Europe – Geo-historical approach to élites’ perceptions at World War I period
The author laid out a geo-historical approach to Central Europe, roughly between the Congress of Vienna (1815) and the Treaty of Sèvres (1920). The unity was assured by the effort of tracing, in the path of history, both the theoretical debate and the political implications of two conceptions of Central Europe: federation vs balkanization. He was sustained from the geopolitical studies’ point of view, theoretical and methodological guidelines. A particular attention was paid to élites’ perceptions, key neoclassical realist variable.