Numaber 72

CENTRAL EUROPEAN
POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW
Volume 19. Number 72. Summer 2018.

New Challenges: Grigorij Mesežnikov, Americo Saldivar, Julia Isabel Flores
Lia Maria Pop, György Csepeli, János Kávássy, Tamás Bakó, Anita Faust, Csaba Káncz,
Juan Rodolfo Rivera Pacheco

REPORTS AND CONFERENCIES
Inauguration of John Harsanyi Research Center

Introduction of JHRC
Roma Life Docfilm Fest
World Refugee Day
BOOK REVIEW
Pál Koudela
Alessandro Marengo

CENTRAL EUROPEAN
POLITICAL SCIENCE
REVIEW
2018
Summer

Quarterly of Central European Political Science Alliance

Volume: 19
Number: 72


NEW CHALLENGES
Grigorij Mesežnikov: Archievements and Problems of Slovakia’s Democratic Transition:
Reflection by Public
Americo Saldivar: Mexico’s Troubles and its long Road to Democracy
Julia Isabel Flores: The Processes of Legal Socialization in Mexico – Ethics and Social
Behaviour of Children and Adolescents
Lia Maria Pop: Romani’s bridge position – About the Romani’s minority language
György Csepeli: The Making of the European Identity
János Kávássy: From Beacon of Democracy to Imperium Incorporated – The Contrast of US
Involvement in Eastern Europe and in the Middle East
Tamás Bakó: Difficulties of Serbian Local Governments – The causes of operational and
financial difficulties of Serbian local governments, and possible solutions of problems
Anita Faust: V4: The Geopolitics of Shared Interests
Csaba Káncz: Escalating Tension between the United States and Russia in the Northern Atlantic
Juan Rodolfo Rivera Pacheco: The Mexican Election

 


Introduction

The Central European Political Science Review Volume 19. Number 72

The special edition contains the newest results of researches, explains a whole set of new
issues for those who deal with geopolitics, history, international politics, while it positions in
a questionable dimensions the dictatorships, the democracies, the transition to democracy, the
freedom fight and the successful regime changes. It positions into a different aspect the issue
of national sovereignty, as well as the realist political approach and super powers’ games.
One of the main goals of the journal editorial board is to make it available to the
broadest circle of readers from among experts and persons with a serious interest in the issues
of the unique space of Central Europe, from the different perspective of international
relations, history, political science, sociology, anthropology and art-sociology, respectively.
The main reason for publishing the Central European Political Science Review is to serve
and to enhance Central Europe, to broaden and to spread the thoughts of Central
Europeanism, and Europeanism.
We suggest you to read our web-site and contact our assistant if you have a paper for CEPSR
or any questions: kossuth.borbala@gmail.com marengo.alessandro@kodo.hu
János Simon
Editor-in-chief


Abstract

Grigorij Mesežnikov: Archievements and Problems of Slovakia’s Democratic Transition:
Reflection by Public

The democratic transition in Slovakia was implemented in relatively favorable geopolitical
situation. The political elit did it despite the doubts and ambiguity in views of large parts of
the population concerning characteristics of the new society. Empirical findings from opinion
polls about public reflection of transition indicated the shifts in positive direction in some
areas, at the same time showed persisting problematic (from the normative point of view)
attitudes in other ones.

Americo Saldivar: Mexico’s Troubles and its long Road to Democracy

In Mexico it is possible to derive the existence of a high democratic fragility, as well as a real
crisis in the performance of the State and its fundamental institutions. Another plausible
conclusion is that, as social scientists, we need to overcome the traditional egoistic and
anthropocentric vision of individual and social wellbeing. Instead, we should occupy and
preoccupy ourselves more with the wellbeing of the ecosystems and the sustainability.

Julia Isabel Flores: The Processes of Legal Socialization in Mexico – Ethics and Social
Behaviour of Children and Adolescents

In Mexico, anomie is fostered by the greatly widespread phenomenon of corruption. A tight
link between corruption and anomie exists. Corruption causes anomie because it functions as
a mechanism for social exclusion, which adds to the uncertainty it casts on society. This
uncertainty manifests itself as insecurity and uncertainty of expectations for new generations.
Youth are taught, that they should study and make efforts to succeed in life; however,
everyday experience teaches them that this culturally valued goal can be achieved in
alternative ways.

Lia Maria Pop: Romani’s bridge position – About the Romani’s minority language
As professional groups, there are particularly multilingual the salesmen groups and other
mobile Roma groups. There are the mobilities that cause the multilingualism, and behind
them, the mobile groups’ needs. The market place and the Roma camps in the West (as those
nearby Lyon, Neapoli, Brussels, Glasgow, or Berlin) are the Roma’s schools for
multilingualism. To academically recognize the Romani’s position as bridge language for the
disadvantaged people in the EU and its capacity to develop the multilingualism among the
marginals is

György Csepeli: The Making of the European Identity

The paper deal with the discrepancy between the ‘real existing European Union’ and it social
psychological unreality. The EU identity cannot be conceived without the values stemming
from the common European heritage. The new Europe has to return to the exceptional take off
of the ‘Occidens” that was built from below creating the circles of freedom that prevented the
concentration of power and provided a counterweight to the brutality of subordination. Europe
cannot exist without Europeans who should be educated.

Tamás Bakó: The Causes of Operational and Financial Difficulties of Serbian Local
Local Governments, Possible Solutions to Problem

The mistake of Serbia's economic and financial policy is that it has not worked out any
strategy for solving the current situation, and indirectly reduced the revenues of local
governments (tax cuts, salary increases), which further complicates their management and
operation. The budgets of local governments are not transparent, and deficiencies and debts
are often unavailable. In Serbia, a highly centralized municipal system that has evolved in the
1990’s, it is only possible to change if the government.

Anita Faust: V4: The Geopolitics of Shared Interests

The paper examines the key geopolitical challenges of the region from a global perspective.
The emergence of the alternative European core in the traditional buffer zone may facilitate a
peaceful transition into a sustainable world order. Key success criterion for this alternative
core is a social-economic strategy to stave off a social crisis that increasing automation is
anticipated to bring about. Another is the preservation of the current freedom of speech and
media which remain essential to public debate on not just domestic, but also on international
affairs.

Csaba Káncz: Escalating Tension between the United States and Russia in the Northern
Atlantic – A short analysis

The return of US Navy to Iceland marks a new chapter in the escalating military tension
between Washington and Moscow.  In the past few months, the US administration has
published three important documents: the National Security Strategy, the National Defense
Strategy, and the Nuclear Posture Review.  In all of them, Russia is explicitly identified as a
serious threat to the international order.  In this tense stand-off, Iceland is again becoming a
pawn on the global geopolitical chessboard.

Juan Rodolfo Riviera: About the Mexican Election: Historical changes

The winner are the new political forces (“Everyone for Mexico”), the losers are the traditional
political parties (PRI, PAN). Corruption, insecurity and violence, and the negative perception
of the country’s economic situation and the loss of confidence in institutions, particularly in
political parties, are the elements that took this new party into power, which in a new
democracy as is the case with the Mexican democracy, it is obligated to reinvent itself.


About the Authors

Gregorij Mesežnikov is a political scientist, president of the Institute for Public Affairs
(IVO). He is a graduate of the Faculty of Arts at Moscow State University (MGU). He is a
founding member of IVO, which he joined full-time in June 1997. In 1999, he became the
Institute’s president. He has published expert studies on party systems’ development and
political aspects of transformation in post-communist societies in various monographs,
collections and scholarly journals in Slovakia and other countries. He has co-edited and co-
authored a several of books, including the Global Reports on Slovakia (1995 – 2011), the
annually published comprehensive analysis of country’s development in all relevant sectors of
society. He was a key author of the report on Slovakia in Nations in Transit, published by
Freedom House (1998–2014). meseznikov@gmail.com

Americo Saldivar Valdés obtined his PhD in Sociológy at the El Colegio de Mexico, while
currently he is one of the most recognized Mexican reserchers in the field of social sciences.
Full-time professor at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) where he
teaches at the Division of Graduate Studies, Faculty of Economics. He is also consultant
advisor on Sustanaible Development and Watershed Managment (since 1976). He was
visiting professor in several Latin American and Central European universities. Íhis has more
than 40 books. Selected publications are: Tres metodologias para evaluar la sustentabilidad:
10 Anos despues de Rio (2002). Ideologia y politica del Estado mexicano 1972-1976. (1981).

Julia Isabel Flores Dávila is a Mexican political sociologist and social scientist. Researcher
at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). She is an expert in public
opinion and social sciences. Her research fields include political cultzure, cultural sociology
and the research of social representation. She is the director of the Public Opinion Department
of the UNAM University’s Social Sciences Institute, previosly she was the director of the
regional center of the National Antropological and Historical Institute of Mexico. Selective
publications: Tiempos Mexicanos, Guadalupe – Valencia Garcia, J.I. F. D. 2010. 50 Anos de
la Cultura Civica (2011); Sentimientos y Resentimientos de la Nation (2015).

Lia Pop is Romanian professor of political science within the state University of Oradea. She
was the Dean of the Faculty of Political Sciences and Media in the mentioned university. She
is also the Director of the Research Center for Identity and Migration Issues (http://www.e-
migration.ro/). She graduated in Philosophy in the University of Cluj Napoca, in 1977 and she
get her doctoral degree at the same University, in 1988. The doctoral thesis was dedicated to
Italian Renaissance Philosophy. She was a Fulbright fellow in 2005. She is specialized in
political institutions – national and European ones – and in some specific policies. She is
member of International Editorial Board of Central European Political Science Review, and
authored seven books as single authors and one as co-author. Among them it is to be quoted:
2010 – Personalităţi Politice. O teorie ilustrată, (Polititical Personalities. An illustrated theory)
450 pages, Oradea, Printing House Editura Universităţii; 2007 – Pentru Parlamentul
European, (A vote for European Parliament), 288 pages, Oradea, Printing House Editura
Universitaţii, 2007; 2004 – Comunicare si discurs politic, Volume I & II, (Communication
and Political Discourse), pp. 540, Oradea, Printing House Editura Universităţii.
popmarialia@yahoo.com She is author of several books of political philosophy such as: Political Leaders. An Illustrated Theory; A Vote for the European Parliament (2005); Communication and Political Discourse (2010); On President in Democracy (2014). popmarialia@yahoo.com

György Csepeli is a Senior Research Fellow at the iASK institute of Advanced Studies,
Hankiss Centre, Kőszeg, and a Emeritus Professor of Social Psychology at Eötvös Loránd
University (ELTE), Budapest. Contact: csepeli.gyorgy@gmail.com

János Kávássy is a János Kávássy is a historian, holding a PhD in history and an MA in
English literature. Since 2013 he has been a research fellow at the Research Institute and
Archives for the History of the Hungarian Regime Change, while joined John Harsanyi
Center and Archive for Social Studies in 2018. With three books and more than 25 studies he
is an expert on Hungarian-US relations in the last period of the Cold War, while for the last
couple of years he had published several studies and essays on different aspects of the
Hungarian regime change, including the early days of Hungarian opposition parties. Currently
he has been studying those global and local events that culminated in the regional regime
change of Eastern Europe, also, he is analysing the role of rational choices/game theory in US
nuclear planning (1945-1991). kavassyj@yahoo.com

Tamás Bakó studied in Croatia, at the University of Zagreb. He enrolled the Faculty of
Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of History and Archeology in 1991 and
completed his studies in June 1997. His second degree the MBA in Finance, Economics and
Management was issued by the Budapest University of Technology and Economics in 2002.
In year 2004 he enrolled the Multidisciplinary PhD studies at the Budapest University of
Technology and Economics, and continued his studies at the Doctoral School in Regional and
Economic Studies at Széchenyi István University in Győr, Hungary. Over the past 25 years,
first his studies and later his official engagement was entirely related to the successor states of
the former Yugoslavia. Since 2001 he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary and
his ties with the region continued especially during his diplomatic service in the field of
economic and political relations. Earlier as a member of the diplomatic staff he served in
Zagreb and Podgorica, and currently for the second time in Belgrade. The field of his research
is the economic policy of the former Yugoslavia. In his publications he deals with foreign
policy, foreign trade, investment policy of Serbia / Vojvodina and Montenegro, and the
bilateral relations with Hungary. tbakovics@gmail.com

Anita Faust is a Hungarian PhD student of geopolitics at the Institute of Geography and
Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Pécs. Her research interests comprise the
present day challenges of geopolitical legitimation and the geopolitics of news media.
faust.anita@gmail.com

Csaba Káncz is social scientist, one of the leading Hungarian columnist of internet website:
Privat Bankár (https://privatbankar.hu/) and political analyst
https://www.facebook.com/kancz.geopolitika/. csaba.kancz2@t-online.hu

Juan Rodolfo Rivera Pacheco is a Mexican political scientist and public opinion researchers.Fundador and director of the public opinion and electoral behavior research institute: BEAP
of Puebla (http://www.beapmexico.org). Professor at the UPAEP (Universidad Popular de
Puebla). jriverp@yahoo.com


CEPoliti Review Summer 2018, Vol. 19. No.72.
Editor-in-chief: János Simon
General Assistant of Editor: Dr. Borbála Kossuth
International Assistant of Editor: Alessandro Marengo

Executive Committee of CEPSA:
Éva Fabó – World Complexity Science Academy (Roma) IT

International Advisory Committee

REPORTS AND CONFERENCIES
Inauguration of John Harsanyi Research Center
Introduction of JHRC – Budapest – Hungary
X. Roma Life – International Docfilm Fest
XI. Roma Life – International Docfilm Fest
World Refugee Day

BOOK REVIEW
Pál Koudela’s book – by Alessandro Marengo