Number 74

CENTRAL EUROPEAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW

Volume 19.
Number 74.

Winter 2018.


GAME THEORIES

MAIN ARTICLES
Janos Simon Chicago
Mohammad Farid Bin Abedin Bhuiyan
Pál Koudela I. Csaba Varga
György Csepeli György Gyulai
Emilia Ferone and Sara Petroccia

REPORTS AND CONFERENCES
Approved Visegrad Grants
Approved Visegrad Small Grants
WCSA Conference Report
WEI-EHSS-Vienna

BOOK REVIEW

About 1968 by Máté Szabó

CENTRAL EUROPEAN POLITICAL SCIENCE REVIEW
2018 Winter

Quarterly of Central European Political Science Alliance
Volume: 19 Number: 74

C O N T E N T S
M a i n A r t i c l e s


GAME THEORIES

János Simon Chicago: Computational Complexity and Game Theory a short and incomplete tutorial
Mohammad Farid Bin Abedin Bhuiyan: Game Theory and Ethics – Part I.
Pál Koudela: The Interrelation between Globalization and Migration from a Critical Viewpoint
Csaba Varga: George Lukács and his Contribution to Philosophising on Law
György Csepeli: Hungarian Negativity – Some Remarks about the Hungarian’s Political Culture
György Gyulai: Two Round Anniversaries: 1918 and 1968
I. The Centennial: 1918 – De facto Trianon, quasi Peace of Westphalia
II.Anniversaries: 1968 – The Military Intervention of WP in Czechoslovakia
Emilia Ferone and Sara PetrocciaWorld Complexity Science Academy – WCSA

R e p o r t s a n d C o n f e r e n c e s

Approved Visegrad Grants – Bratislava, Slovakia
Approved Small Grants – Bratislava, Slovakia
WEI-EHSS-Vienna – Conference in Vienna University, Austria April 16-18, 2019
WCSA-Conference Report –

B o o k R e v i e w s


INTRODUCTION

Our pleasure is to present to our readers the Vol. 19. No. 74 of Central European Political Science Review (CEPSR), which main topic is: GAME THEORIES. Two studies are dealing with the game theory, both was presented at the John Harsányi Conference (in June, Budapest).

(See the chapter of Janos Simon from Chicago and Mohammad Farid Bin Abedin Bhuiyan).

The other studies are dealing with the cultural influence and political consequence of the past. The merit of the rule of the studies is the rule of the cultural dimensions in the present political life of Central European countries.

The current issue, No. 74 of CEPSR has authors from different countries, from USA, Bangladesh, Hungary, Italy, England.

One of the main goals of the journal editorial board of the Central European Political Science Review in to make it available to the broadest circle of readers from among experts and persons with a serious interest in the issues of the unique space of Central Europe, from the different perspective of history, international relations, political science, sociology, anthropology, art-sociology and data-analysis respectively. One of the main reason for publishing the CEPSR is to serve and enhance Central Europeanism, and Europeanism.

We suggest you to visit our website: www.cepsr.eu or www.cepsr.hu and contact with the assistant our editor: Kossuth.borbala@gmail.com

Janos Simon

Editor-in-chief


ABSTRACT

Janos Simon Chicago: Computational Complexity and Game Theory a short and incomplete tutorial

This is an expository paper, designed to acquaint Social Scientists with recent results on the difficulty of explicitly computing Nash Equilibria in large games, and the implications of these mathematical results. We will outline the kind of reasoning involved in the proofs. We tried to make the paper accessible to a wide audience. In particular, no knowledge of Computational Complexity is assumed. Theory is a powerful tool, but often it will require more than a superficial knowledge of the main results in order for it to be useful. One should view this as excellent news: it means that there will be problems that require intelligent and possibly novel techniques, rather than mechanical application of recipes. It means that there may be opportunities for interesting collaborations between Computer Scientists, Mathematicians, and Social Scientists.

Mohammad Farid Bin Abedin Bhuiyan: Game Theory and Ethics

Despite the successful application of evolutionary game theory to decision making, a critical area that will require further development is to consider collection of agents forming a group, for example, a board of directors; in such a case the emergence of norms guiding ethical decision making will depend upon several different psychological factors concerning not only a single agent but the group of agents in question. Such differences will need to be incorporated into any kind of evolutionary game theoretic approach when considering collective ethical decision making. Despite the successful application of evolutionary game theory to decision making, a critical area that will require further development is to consider collection of agents forming a group, for example, a board of directors; in such a case the emergence of norms guiding ethical decision making will depend upon several different psychological factors concerning not only a single agent but the group of agents in question.

Pál Koudela: The Interrelation between Globalization and Migration from a Critical Viewpoint

The connectedness between globalization and migration is commonly accepted as a long-term, one-way relation, embedded mostly into economic circumstances. In the following line of reasoning we discuss the most important theoretical approaches and look for rebuttal against them. From our viewpoint migration is easy to interpret along economic factors, but structural and institutional components are scarcely give any support for better understanding of international migration as being affected by globalization or interpret as powering it, since globalization is often confused with internationalization. Such questions along with media and other institutions are discussed here as a complex social process.

Csaba Varga: Law and History, Law as History? On the Historicity of Law

The term ‘law’ is mostly connected with certain peculiarities of (1) the usual customary course of social practice, (2) the decisions made by authorities acting in the name of the law, and (3) enactments by the bodies competent to pass laws. Only real functioning in action shows what and to what extent is real in the claim of law to autonomy. Knowledge suggests that, all that notwithstanding, law (a) lives an own life to a considerable extent, largely independent of apparent conditions, and (b) develops mostly by following own inertia while borrowing from available patterns. As also shown, (1) law is composed not only of rules, nor merely of rules and principles; (2) the culture giving it a meaning is historical, as carried by human practice reconventionalising conventions through their continuous re-actualisation; therefore, (3) neither immobility nor leaps in development are characteristic of it; but (4) any step it takes might be the issue of social compromise in the form of some pragmatic response.

György Csepeli: Gyula Szekfű published a book called “What is Hungarian?” in 1939. However, this purpose contradicted the purpose of regaining Hungary’s territories, lost in 1920, which hardly could have happened without Germany’s help. The book, which came out to be quite schizoid in the midst of contrary purposes, became in itself a document of the problem the authors tried to give answers to in their articles. The explanation is given by the scapegoats and the made up conspiracies. Self-irony, humour and self-criticism are regarded offensive and disrespectful. The exclusiveness of our own national points of view makes the mutually beneficial coexistence with other nations impossible. To be able to do so, it would be fundamental to get familiar with how other nations perceive our own.

György Gyulai: 1918 – in Central Europe

The dismemberment of Hungary after its defeat in the Great War was the result of the status quo at the end of 1918 and the beginning of 1919, which was accepted by the Western powers. Such geopolitical settlement demonstrates parallels with the Peace Treaty of Westphalia in the sense that the ultimate purpose of the winners was also the weakening of Germany, or any larger state that could become a challenge, as well as to prevent Germany from regaining its hegemony. This concept was one of several possible scenarios. It also had opponents and it soon proved to be a failure. The tensions generated by the geopolitical settlement are expected to be eliminated by international organizations, the European Union and partly by NATO. 

György Gyulai: 1968 – in Central Europe

Hungary did not stay out of the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact. Since the Hungarian people’s army carried out its military maneuvers in South Slovakia, a Hungarian majority area, Hungary’s involvement in the invasion could have put a strain on the Slovakian and Hungarian relations lasting until the present day. Fortunately, that was not the case: this is due in part to the fact that for Slovakians the experience of 1968 was different from the experience of the Czechs and they consider that the Hungarians were forced by the Soviets to participate in the occupation, while on the other hand the incident became blurred in memory and was almost forgotten in the course of other historical events.

Emilia Ferone and Sara Petroccia: WCSA – World Complexity Science Academy

As a think-and-do-tank, WCSA aims to facilitate the worldwide sharing of high added-value knowledge and the free circulation of intellectual and strategic capitals at a global scale, thereby facilitating transnational and supranational win/win policies. This vision has led the whole WCSA activity since it was founded in 2009. The multidimensional political sciences (political science, macroeconomics, macrosociology ecc.) based on a system and process vision of the world order is the key domain of WCSA research and policy shaped by a complex system approach with its interdisciplinary paradigm and applied tools. The complex systemic vision also supported by dynamic multidimensional processes provides new evolutionary chances and challenges for the human species is a key pillar of WCSA vision. Its policy core is the evolution of citizenship on an interconnected planet, specifically in the shape of Hyper-citizenship with its four (4) dimensions: entrepreneurial, societal, scientific and cosmopolitan. WCSA develops its agenda according to the third mission model featuring the world class knowledge intensive organizations. http://www.wcsaglobal.org


ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Janos Simon is an American professor of Computer Science at the University of Chicago. János Simon is a Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at the Department of Computer Science of the University of Chicago. He had previous academic appointments at UNICAMP (Brazil) and the Pennsylvania State University.  His main research area is Theoretical Computer Science, where he has made contributions to  computational complexity, algorithms, distributed computing, as well as diverse applications of theory to other areas, including biological systems, mobile computing, and circuit design. Several of his PhD students became very successful computer scientists, holding academic appointments in Europe and the US (UCSD, Texas, Purdue, Oxford, Szeged, Aalto.) He is the Editor in Chief of the Chicago Journal of Theoretical Computer Science.  simon@cs.uchicago.edu

Mohammad Farid Bin Abedin Bhuiyan is a Bangladeshian economist and political scientist. He finished his schools in Dhaka, Ali Ahmed High School &College SSC, Humanities/Humanistic Studies, 1995 – 1997, in Darul Ihsan University, Dhaka MBA, Finance, 2003 – 2005 Darul Ihsan University BBA, Finance, 2000 – 2003 Siddheswari College HSC, Business/Commerce, General, 1997 – 1999, than in Darul Ihsan University, Dhaka: MA-BA, Finance, 2000 – 2005. He was working as a business manager until 2017. Since 2017 he was MA Student at the Kodolányi University of Budapest, and since 2019 he is PhD Student. His research topic is the game theory. faridabedin@gmail.com

Pál Koudela (PhD) is a sociologist and professor at Kodolányi János University of Budapest. He is one of the founders of the Institute of Researching Political Behavior at the Eötvös Lóránd University Faculty of Social Sciences, a former researcher of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His research fields are international migration policy and the politics of East Asia. He also researches social history especially the former upper part of Hungary and the later Czechoslovakia. His PhD was about the political changes and its effects on the middle classes in the first Czechoslovakian Republic. He wrote several books and articles on these themes, especially on genealogical historical micro-analysis of the effects of political environment on values and social structures related to border changes and/or migration policy. pkoudela@yahoo.com

Csaba Varga is a Hungarian jurisprudent, Research Professor Emeritus at the Institute for Legal Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Professor Emeritus at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University, founder of its Institute for Legal Philosophy, acknowledged as “Place of Excellence”. A laureate of Széchenyi Prize, the highest honour for achievement in scholarship in his country. His overall interest has ever ranged from legal philosophy & methodology via patterns of judicial thought to comparative legal cultures. Since the fall of communism, he is interested also in transition, transitory justice, and the Rule of Law. In addition to his fourteen authored and nineteen edited books in English/German—the majority of which are made available on http://mek.oszk.hu/indexeng.phtml. He is the author of [Варга Чаба] Загадка права и правового мышления; Избранные произведения [The enigma of law and of legal philosophysing: Selected works] ред. М. В. Антонова (Санкт-Петербург: Издательский Дом «Алеф-Пресс» 2015) 408 pp. He is a regular author of the CEPSR since No. 27 on. varga@jak.ppke.hu

György Csepeli is professor of social psychology. He chairs the Interdisciplinary Social Studies Doctoral Program at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, and president of Hungarian Sociological Association. His research focuses on social psychology of intergroup relations, anti-Semitism and comparative sociological investigation on national identity. Recently his research interest has turned toward problems of information society with a special emphasize on information inequality comparing the individual European societies. csepeli.gyorgy@gmail.com

György Gyulai political scientist. Graduated as agricultural economist from the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences of the Agricultural University of Gödöllő and as political analyst from the Faculty of Sciences of ELTE Budapest. He conducted research on agricultural economics and sociology in Romania, Transcarpathia, Slovenia and the Bačka region. His research activity focuses on the election and party systems of the states of the Central European post-communist region gygy84@gmail.com

Emilia Ferone is Vice-President and founding member for the World Complexity Science Academy. She also acted as formers General Manager and Vice-Scientific Director for WCSA. She is a Research Fellow at D’Annunzio University, Chieti- Pescara, Italy. Dr. Ferone is a Qualified Associate Professor in Sociology of Law and scientific director of book series Political, Legal and Social Sciences edited by Esculapio, Italy. She is the author of numerous national and international scientific publications; among her research topics are: the evolution of academic system and new forms of citizenship.  emiliaferone@gmail.com

Sara Petroccia is a PhD Research Fellow at D’Annunzio University, Chieti-Pescara, Italy,  visiting instructor and recruiter partner in several of Iacocca Institute Programs, Lehigh University, PA, USA, since 2011. She is Vice-president of World Complexity Science Academy and Eurocitizen President. Globalization, Multiculturalism, International Migration, Citizenship and Identity are the core of her research activities. Her last book is: Cosmopolitan Sociology. Ulrich Beck’s heritage in theory and policy, was published by L’Harmattan, Paris in 2018. sarapetroccia@gmail.com

Máté Szabó is professor of political science of the University Eötvös Loránd, Faculty of State

and Law, Institute of the Political Science and he is the ombudsman of the Hungarian Republic since 2007. He was a fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Hamburg, Berlin, Mainz and Frankfurt an der Oder in Germany, and was a visiting fellow of

the Netherlands Institute of the Advanced Studies, Wassenaar, and of the European University

Institute, Florence, Italy. He is specialized in civil society, social movements and political protest. His published several books, his main publications are The Challenge of Europeanization in the Region: East Central Europe (eds.). HPSA: Budapest. 1996.; “Policing

Towards Movement and Countermovement Mobilization” in: Central European Political Science Review (Vol. 1. No. 2.) 2000/2.143-174.; “Political Science in Hungary” in: Hans-Dieter Klingemann – Ewa Kulesza – Annette Legutke (eds.): The State of Political Science in

Central and Eastern Europe. Ed. Sigma. Berlin. 2002. 129-157. matedoc@ludens.elte.hu

CEPSR Winter 2018, Vol. 19. No. 74. Quarterly of CEPSA

Editor in chief: János Simon
Managing Assistant: dr. Borbála Kossuth
International assistant: Alessandro Marengo

Executive Committee of CEPSA:
Guogis Arvydas: University Mykolas Romeros, Lithuania
Szabó, Máté: University ELTE, Budapest, Hungary
International Advisory Committee:


THE STATE AND MIGRATION IN CE