About the authors

The process of stabilization of democracy in Central Europe and in Europe

Leonardo Morlino is the Bechtel Visiting Professor at Stanford University in 2002-2003, Professor of Political Science at the University of Florence (Italy), and director of the Research Centre on Southern Europe. His publications include more than hundred articles in Italian, French, English, Spanish, and German mainly on authoritarianism and democratic theory. He is also the author of several books such as Come cambian los regimenes politicos (Madrid 1985), Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis. Parties, Groups, and Citizens in Southern Europe (Oxford, 1998), Democrazie e Deocratizzazioni (Bologna 2003). lmorlino@stanford.edu

Mariano Torcal: Associate Professor in Political Science at the Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona and National Coordinator of the European Social Survey in Spain. He has been a visiting professor at the University of Michigan, Institute for Advanced Studies at Juan March, Kellogg Institute at Notre Dame, and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.  He is currently member of international network Citizenship, Involvement, Democracy (CID) of the European Science Foundation. He has published articles on the topics of political culture and political behavior in major international journal such as Comparative Political Studies, British Journal of Political Research and International Journal of Public Opinion Research.  The American Political Science Association awarded him with “Honorable Mention for the Gregory M. Luebbert Prize for best article in Comparative Politics of 1997.  He has also write contributions in important edited volumes such as Social Capital and European Democracy, London: Routdedge (1999); and Political Parties:  Old Concepts and New Challenges (Oxford University Press, 2002). He is about to finish a manuscript on Political Disaffection in New Democracies. mariano.torcal@cpis.upf.es

Tamás Kolosi:  sociologist, president of TÁRKI,  professor of the Eötvös Loránd University, Doctor of the Science of Sociology. His main research areas are the social structure, stratification, inequality and the method of the empiric researches. In 1985 he founded TÁRKI the first legally private social research institute of the region which was the first open data bank of the region as well as an empiric research center. He is the guest professor of Universities in Germany and in the U.S and participant of international comparative researches. He is the advisor of more Hungarian prime ministers. He has an important role on the field of international organization of research especially in the 70’ies and 80’ies. In the 90’ies he is the founder editor of the Social Report volumes. Main publications: Stratified Society. Structure, Stratification, Inequality in Hungary. Bp 1987, Gondolat 356 p. Stratification and Social Structure in Hungary In: Annual Review of Sociology Vol.14. 1988 405-419 p. Change of System – Change of Elite In: Hungary in Flux: Society, Politics and Transformation. /ed. Spéder Zsolt, Hamburg 1999 Kramer Verl. 35-56 p/ with Matild Sági  kolosi@tarki.hu

Wolfgang Merkel  is director of the department “Democracy and Democratization” at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin. Teaching at the Universities Bielefeld, Mainz, Heidelberg, Harvard, Madrid. His topics of research are political parties, European social democracy, European Integration, democratization, transition to democracy, civil society, welfare state. He wrote more than 100 articles. Recent books are: Final de la socialdemocracia? Recursos de poder y política de gobierno de los partidos socialdemócratas en Europa occidental, Valencia, Edicions Alfons el Magnànim, 1995, pp. 383. Systemtransformation. Eine Einführung in die Theorie und Empirie der Transformationsforschung,  Opladen 1999, S. 572. ed.:  Systemwechsel (Transformation of Political Systems), 5 Volumes, Opladen (1994-2000). Defekte Demokratien (Defective Democracies in Eastern Europe, East Asia and Latin America,), 2 Volumes, Opladen 2003 (forthcoming, joint publication with H.J. Puhle et al.) Demokratie in Asien, Bonn 2003. wolfgang.merkel@urz.uni-heidelberg.de

Michal Klíma is Professor of Political Science at the University of Economics in Prague. He is Jean Monnet Lecturer at the Department of Political Science. He is an expert in the subjects of party and electoral systems and of European integration. His most recent books are Elections and Political Parties in Modern Democracies (1998); Several Aspects of the Pre-accession Strategy of the Czech Republic, co-author, (1999); Quality of Democracy in the Czech Republic and Electoral Engineering (2001).klima@vse.cz

Marek Rybar is an Assistant Professor at the Political Science Department, Comenius University, Bratislava. His research, teaching, and publication activities deal with questions of political parties and party systems, as well as with EU enlargement and europeanization of national political institutions. Address: Political Science Department, Comenius University, Gondova 2, 818 01 Bratislava, Slovakia.marek.rybar@fphil.uniba.sk

Elisabeth Bakke is a political scientist, currently employed as a post doctorate research fellow at the Department of Political Science, University of Oslo. She successfully defended her thesis entitled ‘Doomed to failure? She teaches nationalism and Central European Politics at postgraduate level. Bakke has published several articles on Czechoslovak, Czech and Slovak questions, and has recently edited a book in Norwegian on contemporary Central European and Baltic politics (2002).elisabeth.bakke@stv.uio.no

Gábor G. Fodor is a Hungarian political scientist, research fellow at Institute for Political Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Assistant at the Department of Political Science of Eötvös Lóránd University, Budapest, where he teaches political philosophy. His field of research are political philosophy, history of political ideas and modern Hungarian political thought. metakszi@yahoo.com.
Endre Domokos is a Hungarian historian and political scientist. He finished his study at the University of Eötvös Lóránd of Budapest in 2003. Currently hi is working about the electoral studies. dandd@chello.hu

Ruben Ramas is a Spanish student of History. Hi finish this year his study at the Department f Contemporary History at the University of Zaragoza in Spain. Actually he´s enjoy of a Erasmus scholarship at the Department of Political Science of the University of ELTE Budapest. Currently he´s working about the labour market and his actors in Hungary. rumbita10@hotmail.com